From old city retreat to space activation

In the past five years, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council have successively approved the master plan of Beijing (2016-2035), the regulatory detailed plan of Beijing Sub Center (block level) (2016-2035) and the regulatory detailed plan of the capital functional core area (block level) (2018-2035), establishing the urban renewal strategy of “controlling increment, promoting decrement and optimizing stock” in Beijing Ideas. With the demolition of illegal buildings in streets and lanes, renovation of building equipment, renovation of old factories and upgrading of building formats, Dongcheng District has started a transformation journey of interactive integration of traditional culture and modern civilization.

从老城腾退到空间活化 东城旧改打样


Renovation of old Chen house

“The building was built in 1993, and my family moved in in 1996 to live today.” In retrospect, Liu Chunxiang, a resident of Building 5, can still remember the scene when he first came to Yingfang West Street. “Over the years, the yard has indeed experienced a mess: cars stop at random, dogs and cats can always be seen on the street, the greening of the community is also disordered, and there are also wastes piled up by residents in the yard.”

“The most intuitive feeling is that the room is not warm, and sometimes it is only 15 or 16 degrees.” Liu Chunxiang’s community is located in Yingfang West Street, which was built in the 1980s and 1990s, with a construction area of 19013.9 square meters. There are 6-storey residential buildings in the community, with a total of 348 households. Among them, 254 were housing reform houses, accounting for 73%; 94 were directly in charge of public housing, accounting for 27%.

“Before the transformation, the overall environmental problems of the community are mainly reflected in six aspects. Including buildings and infrastructure aging, parking space and green space narrow, residential buildings without elevators and lack of property management Gymnasium road deputy director of the street office Chen Siqing said frankly.

Since 2017, the leading group for comprehensive renovation of old residential areas in Dongcheng District has been established. Finally, according to the basic and optional reconstruction contents of old residential areas in Beijing, 12 reconstruction contents including energy-saving reconstruction, water supply and drainage reconstruction are determined. The project will be completed in September 2019 and accepted in 2020.

Now, the building is renovated. In Chen Siqing’s opinion, the introduction of property services has also helped to improve the community environment. “The difference between the renovation of the old residential area and before is that it is not the introduction of property after completion, but the planning of property services in the early stage of the renovation.”

However, due to the fact that residential buildings were built in the last century, the property rights of different buildings are also different, which virtually increases the difficulty of transformation. “The transformation of old buildings does involve multi property units. For example, among the No. 1 to No. 5 buildings that participated in the renovation of the old buildings, 254 were owned by the Housing Administration Bureau, and 94 were capital public housing. When houses with different property rights are put together, the street will make overall planning, but the process of design, construction and supervision is implemented by the original property right unit. It’s just that different property units have different attitudes towards property. We have held five residents’ congresses to listen to your opinions. Finally, the previous property units were also replaced. “

It is understood that the renovation project involves a total cost of 36 million yuan, how to raise funds? Tang Bingbing, deputy secretary of the street Working Committee of gymnasium road in Dongcheng District, said that in addition to financial support, Dongcheng District is also exploring more channels to introduce capital. At present, Beijing Zhuzong group has chosen to invest property in the region as one of the ways of social capital participation. “However, the introduction of social capital to participate in the transformation of old residential areas, or to suit measures to local conditions, to find the break even point of enterprises in the area.”

从老城腾退到空间活化 东城旧改打样


Old roof and huaweihui

In dongsiliutiao community, in addition to renovating the back streets and alleys, a flower pool has been built at the gate of the courtyard with spare space. There are roses, chrysanthemums, honeysuckle and other ornamental flowers in the flower pool, as well as leeks, coriander, fennel and cat’s ear vegetables, which can be picked and eaten by nearby residents at any time.

Four years ago, with the implementation of the renovation project of back streets and alleys in Dongcheng, the disorderly stacking of debris in the six streets of Dongsi district was cleaned up, and the community Flower Committee meeting came into being at that time. According to the residents’ recollection, “in the early days of huaweihui, the start-up funds were drawn from the community welfare fund. At the beginning, they were mainly used to buy flowers and tools, or to carry out some professional cultivation training. Raising flowers is a technical work, and it also needs to be operated professionally.

In their spare time, members of the flower Committee gather at the social work activity center to plant flowers and chat. The activity center is a two-story building, which rises up the stairs. Along the way, there are green Chlorophytum and red lanterns on the white walls. There are tables and chairs in the center of the roof, surrounded by fish tanks and potted plants of all sizes, while the ground is paved with glass. Even if you stand on the first floor and look up, you can see the view of the top floor. The resident said, “it has been four years since huaweihui was founded, and the number of members has exceeded 110. Now we meet to discuss more about our own flowers, and the neighborhood is harmonious.

Not only in Dongsi Liutiao, but also in the transformed Dongcheng community, the sense of art connects the context of residents’ leisure life. Space activation is regarded as the “catalyst” of district renewal in Chaoyang Gate area. As a typical example of space activation, Chaoyang Gate community cultural life Museum (27 courtyard children) provides a communication platform for community residents and even the whole city’s art lovers.

In the square courtyard, there are literary societies with different themes, such as drama, sewing and no waste space. Recently, the play being rehearsed by the drama society is peach blossom land.

Different from other communities, space activation has gradually evolved from a concept to a systematic topic for 27 children. In 2019, Beijing one art and creative team will officially take over and become the operator of xiaoyuaner. The three young “sea turtles” want to build xiaoyuaner into a comprehensive community cultural center for residents and the public, which integrates art activities, cultural excavation, lifestyle, public education and aesthetic cultivation, while the core is to build “community-based” culture center The “art” theory is transformed into a test ground for the exploration of Public Culture Upgrading, the renovation of old urban areas and the harmonious and good practice of social governance.

According to Niu Ruixue, the team leader, at least eight public theme activities are held every week, covering drama, fine arts, parent-child education, dance, architecture, art exhibition, literature, salon, workshop, life aesthetics, etc. Since September 2016, it has cultivated more than 300 cultural projects, carried out more than 2300 cultural activities, and served more than 90000 people.

“Now, besides the residents nearby, there are also tourists and volunteers who come to the small courtyard. The students from the second middle school nearby often come to the 27th courtyard to do some volunteer activities, such as reciting poems to the old people.” According to Zong Jing, deputy director of Chaoyangmen sub district office, recently, members of the team and the community have been rubbing their hands to welcome the coming world reading day at the end of April.

从老城腾退到空间活化 东城旧改打样


Offset printing factory transformed into cultural and Creative Park

In addition to the old streets, the old industrial factories in the urban area also quietly changed in this retreat. Standing on the top of the 77 cultural and creative park, overlooking the park, the old red brick factory building is still there. Except for reinforcement, the overall image is the same as before. The factory gate is also changed from the original brick and wood structure to the thick steel plate, which maintains the practicability and makes the appearance more era like.

It is understood that the cultural and creative park, located at 77 Art Gallery back street, Dongcheng District, formerly known as Beijing offset printing factory, was established in the early days of the founding of new China. The factory was moved here by Shanghai engraving printing enterprises in 1950s, and later became a famous industrial printing base in Beijing. In the later stage, with the implementation of Beijing’s actions to ease the industry, control the increment and optimize the stock, the park also ushered in the stock transformation in 2012.

It took two and a half years to complete the structural reinforcement, zoning planning and investment promotion in the park. Among them, about 1000 square meters of illegal buildings have been demolished. In addition to the street garden, the coal bunker has been transformed into an exhibition space, and the boiler room has become a coffee shop In May 2014, the park officially opened. Because it is located in the core functional area of the capital, the surrounding cultural resources have obvious advantages, and the drama resources are unique. One street away from the park are the China Art Museum and Sanlian bookstore. To the west is the former site of Beida Red Mansion. To the south is the Beijing People’s Art Theater. To the north is the Central Academy of drama. It is an area with high concentration of art talents.

After the transformation, the park has become a theme cultural industrial park with film and drama as the core content. Inside the old chimney, stamping die-cutting machine and other industrial relics were preserved. The small building with red brick walls and the winding steel ladder extend to the top of the building in the park, making it a brand new punch in resort. The old workers of offset printing factories will come back from time to time.

Among them, 77 theater is one of the most popular cultural highlights in the park. The theater is reinforced on the basis of the building structure of the original workshop and warehouse, and is constructed by heavy I-steel columns and dark red rusty steel plates, which can accommodate 200 spectators. Through a built-in 4m × 6m LED screen, cross-border cooperation between multimedia and stage performance is realized.

Li Ming, general manager of 77 cultural and creative park, said that the biggest feature of the theater is that it weighs up to 3 tons, and the door can be lifted and opened automatically. It can transform the closed theater into an open space surrounded by three sides in two minutes. Up to now, the theater has held cultural performance activities including cross-strait small theater art festival, Nanluoguxiang drama performance season, some performance units of Beijing International Youth Drama Festival, 77 cultural and creative life festival, etc. There are more than 200 performances and activities every year, attracting a group of core creative resources, performance resources and cultural elite teams to gather in the park.

In addition to the 77 theater, the park’s featured business formats include useless living space, Beijing drama rehearsal center, Beijing Zhangyu interactive Culture Communication Co., Ltd., 77 Pimei, etc. Li Ming said that the characteristics of the park are not only reflected in the theater itself, but also focus on the whole chain of drama incubation, creating an ecology. “From the director’s studio to the audition before the market-oriented performance, the configuration in the park is relatively complete. The rent of the venue is only 200-600 yuan a day, which is a very low level in the theater industry. ” In 2020, 77 cultural and creative park will become one of the first batch of municipal cultural and creative parks in Beijing relying on excellent transformation and operation management.

从老城腾退到空间活化 东城旧改打样


Guinness records in office buildings

It has faded the life atmosphere of street corners and alleys, and even the commercial buildings that have been transformed have brought the design effect into full play. COFCO land Plaza is located at 208 andingmenwai street, Dongcheng District, with a total construction area of 81698 square meters. The original site is Sanli building and Sanli department store. After vacating more than 200 original businesses and eliminating the retail and wholesale formats, the building has also been upgraded to an international intelligent 5A office building.

Entering the lobby of block a, an indoor artificial water curtain slowly falls from the roof and flows to the East Pool of the building. This water curtain, named “Yingxiang” waterfall, is 60 meters high, which is customized by wet waterscape company for COFCO · land Plaza. In 2018, when the square officially opened, the water curtain won the Guinness world record, which has become the highest indoor water curtain in the world so far.

In December 2018, the Management Committee of Zhongguancun Dongcheng Park signed a cooperation agreement with COFCO · land Plaza to guide the project to focus on introducing enterprises in line with the industrial development direction of Dongcheng District, such as culture, finance, science and technology, and big health, when selecting office tenants. Compared with other commercial buildings, COFCO land Plaza puts more emphasis on revitalizing space resources and creating refined operation.

Based on “space building + operation service + community building”, the “3C operation service system” with the themes of COFCO Fantasy (yuechuang), COFCO life (Yuexiang) and coffice (Yuezhi) has been established in the building. Through the smart cloud platform, it provides an operation system with efficient solutions for tenant Enterprises to meet the office service needs of b-end tenant enterprises and the life service needs of C-end client groups. “There are restaurants, bookstores and gymnasiums on the ground floor, which can basically meet the needs of a white-collar worker for a whole day’s work and life.” The staff said.

It is worth mentioning that Dongcheng District has also introduced “Zijin service” into buildings, and has appointed a commissioner stationed in enterprises to timely reflect the demands of enterprises and guide them, so as to optimize the business environment. Since 2018, Dongcheng District has successively established the brand of “Zijin service” and innovated the system of “Zijin Commissioner in enterprises” to arrange “commissioner in enterprises” for key enterprises and small, medium and micro enterprises with good growth in the District, so as to solve the problems of “one-to-one, face-to-face, point-to-point” for enterprises.

According to Cui Hongyan, deputy director of Dongcheng District Development and Reform Commission, through the Zijin commissioner system in enterprises, many services of enterprises can be provided in seconds, opening up the last meter of policy implementation.

According to statistics, even during the epidemic period, the rental rate of the building reached 95%. Among them, foreign investment accounts for 30%, listed companies 35%, financial tenants 57%, technology tenants 26%, trade tenants 13%, and cultural tenants 9%. Well known enterprises have settled in, including Morgan Stanley, CBU sports, China Mobile Jinke and smart technology.

Beijing Business Daily reporter Tao Feng Liu Hanlin

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