On March 23, the Ministry of education, the Ministry of Finance and the national development and Reform Commission issued the measures for evaluating the effectiveness of “double first class” construction (for Trial Implementation) (hereinafter referred to as the measures). The results of effectiveness evaluation will present the comprehensive evaluation results of construction universities and disciplines in the form of interval and gradient distribution according to different evaluation aspects, different schools and discipline types, without calculating the total score and publishing the ranking. The comprehensive evaluation results will be the main basis for the next round of dynamic adjustment of “double first class” construction scope.
“Effectiveness evaluation is a multi-dimensional evaluation of the construction of universities and their disciplines to realize the functions, connotation development and characteristic development of universities. Its design is significantly different from university ranking, discipline evaluation and performance evaluation.” Introduction of the head of the Department of degree management and graduate education of the Ministry of education.
The “method” is clear, the effectiveness evaluation follows the first-class goal, pays attention to the connotation construction; the classified evaluation guides the characteristic development; the evaluation promotes the construction, and pays attention to the continuous improvement. It is worth noting that “demand orientation” is included in the evaluation principle in the measures. This paper investigates the important contributions made by the construction universities in breaking through the key core technologies, exploring the frontier scientific problems and solving the major social and realistic problems, especially the major original innovation achievements “from 0 to 1” in basic research. To investigate the situation of integrating and supporting regional and industrial development based on advantageous disciplines.
Specific evaluation requirements include talent training evaluation, teacher team construction evaluation, scientific research evaluation, social service evaluation, cultural inheritance and innovation evaluation and international exchange and cooperation evaluation. In the process, the construction self-evaluation is carried out first, and then the Ministry of education entrusts relevant institutions to carry out quantitative data processing, qualitative evaluation, and third-party evaluation results comparison. The “double first-class” construction expert committee finally forms comprehensive evaluation opinions.
The results of effectiveness evaluation will present the comprehensive evaluation results of construction universities and disciplines in the form of interval and gradient distribution according to different evaluation aspects, different schools and discipline types, without calculating the total score and publishing the ranking. The comprehensive evaluation results are the main basis for the next round of dynamic adjustment of “double first class” construction scope.
“The” double first-class “construction emphasizes dynamic adjustment, adheres to the value orientation of rolling competition, survival of the fittest and continuous improvement, and clearly takes the evaluation results of construction effectiveness as the main basis for the next round of dynamic adjustment of construction scope. We should give more support to the universities and disciplines with strong implementation, good progress and obvious results, and reduce the support to the universities and disciplines with weak implementation, slow progress and lack of effectiveness. This helps to avoid the phenomenon of identity solidification and “labeling” in the implementation of previous construction projects. ” Zhong Binglin, member of the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council and professor of Beijing Normal University, said.
In 2015, the State Council announced the overall plan for promoting the construction of world-class universities and first-class disciplines, and the “double first-class” construction began. After screening, 137 universities and 465 disciplines were established in the first round of construction.
According to the overall plan of “double first-class” construction, the construction is divided into three major stages, three nodes are 2020, 2030 and the middle of this century, and will be promoted once every five years. The Ministry of education has responded that when the first round of construction ends in 2020, it will dynamically adjust the scope of the next round of construction according to the final construction effect evaluation results and other conditions, and adhere to the unity of quality, level and demand. “No full coverage, no life-long system, no arrangements for care.”
In the view of Xiong Bingqi, President of the Institute of education in the 21st century, the purpose of promoting the “double first class” construction in China is to overcome the disadvantages of the 985 and 211 construction, the biggest one of which is the solidification of identity. At the beginning of the 985 and 211 projects, they were just construction projects, but in the process of construction, they became the rank and identity of universities, which not only led to the inequality of university competition, but also gave birth to academic discrimination.
As early as 2013, the Ministry of Education issued a document requiring all educational administrative departments and universities to recruit graduates for employment activities. It is strictly prohibited to publish recruitment information containing 985 universities and 211 colleges and universities, and strictly prohibit publishing information on gender discrimination, registered residence, academic qualifications and other discriminatory provisions. However, until today, similar requirements have frequently appeared in various recruitment notices. In some places, graduation from “double first-class” universities has gradually become one of the new standards for enterprises or local recruitment.
“The difference between the construction of double first class and the previous 985 and 211 is that to introduce the elimination mechanism, the public is concerned about how many schools will be eliminated. If no schools are eliminated, but new ones are added on the basis of the original ones, then double first class will be transformed into identity and repeat the previous mistakes. In addition, who is going to evaluate is also the key, whether it is the administrative leading or the third party evaluation. The most worrying thing is that the evaluation is to achieve excellent results. For example, Tsinghua announced that it has been built into a world-class university in an all-round way, causing a strong rebound in public opinion. ” Xiong Bingqi told Beijing business daily.
Beijing Business News (reporter Tao Feng, Wang chenting)
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