China’s tax collection and management system has ushered in the third reform. According to the recently released opinions on further deepening the reform of tax collection and management (hereinafter referred to as the opinions), China will take the electronic invoice reform as a breakthrough and the big tax data as the driving force, build a smart tax with high integration, high security performance and high application efficiency, and comprehensively promote the digital tax collection and management And intelligent transformation. At a press conference held by the state information office on March 29, the relevant person in charge of the State Administration of Taxation said that the reform will achieve a breakthrough in tax collection and management from cooperation, merger to synthesis, and promote the digitalization, intellectualization and intellectualization of tax governance.
“The opinion has achieved a breakthrough in tax collection and management from cooperation, merger to synthesis, and its characteristics can be summarized as” synthesis. ” Ren Rongfa, deputy director of the State Administration of Taxation, said at the press conference.
It is understood that this is also the third change in tax collection and management. The first two changes since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China are “deepening the reform plan of national tax and local tax collection and management system” issued by the central and state offices in 2015 to promote the “cooperation” of national tax and local tax; the “reform plan of national tax and local tax collection and management system” issued by the central and state offices in 2018 to implement the “merger” of national tax and local tax. The “synthesis” to be realized this time refers to the system optimization of law enforcement, service and supervision, and the integration and upgrading of business process, system specification, information technology, data elements and post responsibility system.
According to the opinions, tax service, law enforcement and supervision should also be deeply integrated, emphasizing the integration of law enforcement and supervision into the service, and integrating the service concept into all aspects of tax collection and management. For example, we will innovate the way of administrative law enforcement, improve the accuracy of law enforcement, make law enforcement have both strength and temperature, and establish and improve the tax payment credit evaluation system in the field of tax supervision.
Hu Qimu, chief researcher of Sinosteel Economic Research Institute, said in an interview with Beijing Business Daily that the “opinions” emphasizes that the taxpayers and payers are the center to promote fine services. Under the premise of legal implementation, the tax collection and management work is continuously optimized in the direction of more humanized, convenient for the people and reducing the burden of enterprises. The so-called “synthesis” is the integration of different aspects of tax collection and management, and the integration of tax service, law enforcement and supervision. Personalized service and intelligent process are the outstanding features of the reform.
According to the reform objectives, by 2022, we will make important progress in the standardization of tax law enforcement, the convenience of tax service, and the accuracy of tax supervision; by 2025, we will deepen the reform of tax collection and management system, achieve remarkable results, basically build a powerful smart tax, form a domestic first-class intelligent administrative application system, and comprehensively improve the ability of tax law enforcement, service, and supervision.
Digitalization and intellectualization is one of the important contents of the tax collection and management reform. According to the opinions, we should accelerate the paperless reimbursement, entry, filing and storage of electronic invoice through the connection of electronic invoice with financial payment, financial payment, financial accounting system of various units and electronic file management information system. At the same time, the use of tax big data intelligent analysis to identify the actual experience of taxpayers, individual needs, etc., to provide personalized services. In terms of tax business environment, we should promote the comprehensive declaration of taxes and fees, simplify the collection period of some taxes according to law, and gradually reduce the number and time of declaration.
Hu Qimu pointed out that the digital tax collection and management reform, on the one hand, breaks through the time and space constraints, makes it more convenient for individuals and enterprises to fulfill their tax obligations, and can make remote online payment, saving time cost, reducing the impact on cross regional business schedules, and avoiding the risks brought by personnel gathering; on the other hand, it also greatly improves the efficiency of tax collection and management, and reduces the cost of tax collection and management Ben.
Rao Lixin, chief auditor of the State Administration of Taxation, introduced that relying on information technology and tax big data, tax departments vigorously promote and constantly expand the scope of “non-contact” tax payment. At present, there are 214 “non-contact” tax payment lists, of which 203 can be done online throughout the whole process, basically realizing “services do not meet, always online”. Using tax big data can also analyze the economic operation. In 2020, tax bureaus at all levels have formed more than 20000 tax analysis reports.
In the future, China will also explore the establishment of a national unified tax Cloud Collection and management service platform and a national unified electronic taxation bureau to ensure the safety of tax data in the whole life cycle and strictly protect the business secrets and personal privacy of taxpayers and payers.
Beijing Business News (reporter Tao Feng, LV Yinling)
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